From Chuck Lane
Questions for The Book of Psalms
Calvary Christian Fellowship
Questions (w/ some answers) for Psalm 14
1. Who is the Psalmist?
- Psalm 14 is “to the chief Musician, A Psalm of David.” Attributed to David, Psalm 14 returns to Psalm 12 in which the ungodly are presented as having sway . . . in David’s day (Old Testament), in our day (New Testament/Church Age), and in the Tribulation, Jacob’s Trouble, that comes before “that day” ( Isaiah 24:21-22 ). Psalm 14, however, develops the depravity of man up until “that day.”
2. Who is/are the speaker(s)?
- Wisdom (the spirit of wisdom; one of the seven spirits of God; one in same with the Godhead: Father, Son and Holy Spirit) seems to be speaking. Because of the apparent omniscience, which deviates from what we have seen in thus far in Psalms 1-12 that are certainly autobiographical (with perhaps the exception of the Messianic Psalm 2), I think it could be argued that if David were the writer, it may have been at least polished, much later . . . perhaps even during the captivity (see verse 7), when, as we know, the Psalms were actually put together as a cultural liturgy of the faith for the Jews, but we get ahead of ourselves.
3. Who is the audience?
- Those who will hear the spirit of wisdom. Wisdom is most elegantly dealt with in The Proverbs by the one who was the “most” wise of all, King Solomon ( 1 Kings 4:29-31 ). (Yet, if we recall, there is only one who is good, wise, and humble: Mark 10:17-18 .
- An excerpt from wisdom? Okay: Proverbs 8 (in this chapter we may see the spirits of God alluded to in some detail)
- Wisdom, one of the seven spirits of God, and only one possesses them all: Isaiah 11:2 ; Revelation 3:1 ; see menorah https://fatherslove.co.za/the-seven-spirits-of-god/
4. List those described in the Psalm? How are they described (adjectives used, actions given, consequences prescribed)? Examples from the Bible? Do you know people like this?
- The corruption of the world.
1 The fool hath said in his heart. There is no God. They are corrupt, they have done abominable works, there is none that doth good.
- The wisdom of faith vs. . . .. The Hebrew word of fool is nabal. There was a man in the Bible named Nabal. He is a “type” given to us in the Bible, as the Bible gives us so many other “types”: Samuel 25 .
- These are atheists, and we have encountered them several times already in the earlier Psalms. In Psalms 10:4 we are told: “God is not in all his thoughts.” Perhaps a better translation is:” All his thought are: there is no God.”
2 The LORD, looked down from heaven upon the children of men, to see if there were any that did understand, and seek God.
3 They are all gone aside, they are altogether become filthy; there is none that doeth good, no not one.
- Isaiah 53:6; Romans 3:12 ; Luke 17:26 . Atheists are not being spoken about in these verses. They speak on EVERYONE, in David’s day, in our day, and in that day. Do not be confused, we are not yet at that day (nor shall we be according to the pre-millenial view), though we are well on our way “progressively”; that is we are nearer to our end than we were yesterday. Indeed, biblically, we are not even near it, and certainly should not look forward to it, without fear and trembling for those who must pass through: Matthew 24:21
4 Have all the workers of iniquity no knowledge? who eat up my people as they eat bread, and call not upon the LORD.
5 There were they in great fear; for God is in the generation of the righteous.
6 Ye have shamed the counsel of the poor, because the LORD is his refuge.
- These are as the rich man from the story of the rich man and Lazarus, who finds out what he should have already known too late, like so many do. Luke 16:19-31 .
7 Oh that the salvation of Israel were come out of Zion! When the LORD bringeth back the captivity of his people, Jacob shall rejoice, and Israel shall be glad.
- If David actually wrote this it is an amazing peace of demonstrable “dual prophecy,” local in the “short term” (Old Testament), even to the return from Babylonian captivity 500 years after David, also prophesied by a team the prophets that followed him . . . well before the captivity even happened; as well as into the future (think 1948 some 3000 year after David), and even now into another time beyond us, following Jacob’s Trouble, when out of Zion WILL come salvation.
A wonderful, powerful Psalm, indeed.
5. What do you think the speaker is feeling and how do you relate?
6. How is this Psalm quoted in the New Testament? http://www.jesuswalk.com/psalms/psalms-NT-quotations.htm
Psalms 14:1c, 2b, 3 = Romans 3:10-12
7. What other scriptures are brought to mind through the content, and how might that enlighten or expand the subject of the Psalm. (Column notes, chain references, commentaries, etc.?).