From Chuck Lane

Questions for The Book of Psalms

 Calvary Christian Fellowship

Questions (w/ some answers) for Psalm 18


1.  Who is the Psalmist?

·         Psalm 18 is “To the Chief musician, A Prayer of David, the servant of the LORD, who spake unto the LORD the words of this song in the day that the LORD delivered him from the hand of all his enemies, and from the hand of Saul:  And he said: . . .”

·         This is David’s “When It’s All Been Said and Done” song.

            Praising the LORD, knowing what He has done for “me” from the other side of time.


2.  Who is/are the speaker(s)?

·         David starts, but it can be argued that the Lord Jesus steps in with His own praises as well, having also been lifted up and delivered by “Him.”


 3.  Who is the audience?

·         Those who have been given the gift of faith and have watched it continue to grow within as time and again the LORD proves Himself in our lives . . . all the more frequently the more it grows . . . the more often, only to grow greater even more (is there a mustard seed in there someplace?).  And David’s life is only one example of redemption, from beginning to end; as was the life of our Lord and Savior, symbolically for us, who lived in the flesh to suffer as man of very man, so as to identify with us, that  we may identify with Him, and the pain and suffering, the humiliation, the death, which He endured, to be resurrected from and lifted up to sit at the right hand of God until all others are made His footstool . . . leaving us with  gifts -- faith and hope and love -- from Our Father in Heaven.  1 Corinthians 13:13


 4.  List those described in the Psalm?  How are they described (adjectives used, actions given, consequences prescribed)?  Examples from the Bible?  Do you know people like this?


1   I will love thee, O LORD, my strength

Yes, love.  David loves the LORD.  Love is not just a new testament thing.  Indeed, to say I love You, LORD, is the most wonderful thing you can to say . . . for we know 1 John 4:19-21 . . . Faith, Love and Hope: Past, Present, Future.  Einstein, in his discourse on time, said that the closest we can come to understanding eternity is to understand the present . . . it is the only place we can “be,” and it is only the present by which the past and the future cognitively exist.  Much of the Human Potential movement in psychology is based upon the precept: Be here now!  Be that as it may, our Faith has been given to us (past), our hope is what will be (future), our love is what we do (now, and always; the eternal  present).  Hence: Faith, Love, Hope / Past, Present, Future:  1 Thessalonians 1:3  ;  1 Thessalonians 5:8-9


2   The LORD is my rock, and my fortress, and my deliverer; my God, my strength, in whom I will trust; my buckler, and the horn of my salvation, and my high tower

·         The “role” in connotation of the personal pronoun “my” . . . and not just LORD, or God, but “my”: my rock, my fortress, my deliverer/ my God,  my strength, in whom I trust / my buckler (small shield), my horn (power) and high tower (from whence we may safely see clearly, so as to know what He has accomplished for us, looking back over from whence we came). The connotation of  “my” can best be understood when applied to distinguish between grandchildren, all of whom are precious . . . but “my” grandchildren, well . . .  Can you say, “The Lord is my shepherd; He is my high tower, He is my horn; He is my shield; He is my strength; He is my deliverer; He is my rock; He is my fortress”?  It is about relationship, after all, in case you hadn’t heard.


    3   I will call upon the LORD, who is worthy to be praised: so shall I be saved from mine enemies. 

·         “Worship” comes from the old Anglo-Saxon word “worth.”  Worship is that which is extended to the one who is worthy.  David sang, “I will call upon the LORD” – why?  Because He “is worthy to be praised.”  In the same way that to like is not the same as to respect (to “have respect” means to be able to show, rather than to deserve, or earn). Not all whom receive praise are necessarily “worthy.”  In the same way that showing respect says more about you that it does whom you are respecting (indeed, we need to respect even the snakes in the garden), singing our praises also gives us a picture of who we are (for we become what we worship)  . . .  God is no respecter of persons  Acts 10:34-35 – read entire chapter to consider, receive the full context, the beauty in the work of “Our Father”/”my God” in His terms, not human terms. 

Remember what it means to be called “christian.”  (A derogatory Greek term meaning “little-christs,” used to insult followers of the Way.)  Acts 11:19-26


4    The sorrows of death compassed me, and the floods of ungodly men made me afraid

·         Here we have a picture of the Lord Jesus from His” high tower,” the throne upon which He now sits, from which He now, in retrospect, surveys His hurt, His pain, His suffering, His humiliation, His battles, as well as His victory over death granted Him . . . and how we who are redeemed through Him lift up our praises to join the Worthy One to sing of our love for the Lord our LORD.

5   The sorrows of hell [Sheol, the grave] compass me about:  the snares of death prevented [were round about] me.

6    In my distress I called upon the LORD, and cried unto my God:  he heard my voice out of his temple, and my cry came before him, even into his ears.

·         And when He cried out unto “my God,” what happened?  That’s right, He showed up.  Have you ever been in the situation when, after the fact, someone hurt you and afterwards you almost feel guilty for not warning them, because, from past experience, you should have know they would be the one to wind up being hurt.  Kind of like ”You really shouldn’t mess with me like this, because my father will end up messing with you to your own hurt and pain.”  This is not imprecatory prayer.  It’s what we know through faith, what others ignore if not deny;  knowledge validated through experience time and again.  And its why we pray . . . for those who would do us harm.

Just like we need to pray about when He takes one of His own out behind the woodshed, where He has met with me on more occasions than I care to count.  Our Father cannot not judge, and sooner or later ones just rewards come home to roost.  Sooner is always better.  Psalm 30:5

So no, the LORD was not happy about how the “sorrows of hell” had compassed His only begotten when He called out, after three hours of darkness had fallen on all the earth Matthew 27:46.

And, once again, just like David, Jesus call out to “My God.”

Soon there would be a great earthquake, the veil in the holy of holies was torn from top to bottom, rocks rent, graves were opened . . .

7   Then the earth shook and tremble:  the foundations also of the hills move and were shaken, because he was wroth


·         We are told that there was another qreat quake three days later, that an angel rolled the stone from the mouth of the tomb, and that the keepers (soldiers sent to guard the tomb) were so fearful as to shake and become as dead men.  What else took place in the heavens which corresponds to the following verses we do not know . . .

8   There went up a smoke out of his nostrils, and fire out of his mouth devoured: coals were kindled by it.

9   He bowed the heavens also, and came down:  and darkness was under his feet.

10   And he rode upon a cherub, and did fly:  yea, he did fly upon the wings of the wind.

11   He made darkness his secret place:  his pavilion round about him were dark waters and thick clouds of the skies.


·         The Psalm began with the pronoun “my . . .”  Then in verse 7 the pronoun becomes “he who was wroth.”  In verse 13 it is clarified to whom “he who was wroth” refers.  

13   The LORD also thundered in the heavens, and the Highest gave his voice, hail stones and coals of fire 

·         Then, beginning in verses 16 and 17 the pronoun(s) become(s) “he and me.”  (I know, it should be “he and I,” but it’s the Word of God, so there is reason for it being “he and me.”)

16  He sent from above, he took me, he drew me out of many waters.

17  He delivered me from my strong enemy, and from them which hated me:  for they were too strong for me  

·         He and me.  Once again, it’s all about relationship.  He delivered me from my strong enemy, from them which hated me: for they were too strong for me.  How wonderful is that?  To even death, from which He rose again.  1 Corinthians 15:55-57

·         And it begins with faith . . . Psalm 118:8

READ (the praise of David, and God’s anointed): Psalm 18:18-47        


46   The LORD Liveth; and blessed be my rock; and let the God of my salvation be exalted.

48   He delivereth me fom mine enemies:  yea, thou liftest me up above those that rise up against me:  thou hast delivered me from the violent man.

·         “The violent man”?  Satan?

49  Therefore will I give thanks unto thee, O LORD, among the heathen, and sing praises unto thy name.

50  Great deliverance giveth he to his king; and sheweth mercy to his anointed, to David, and to his seed for evermore.

·         My God extends His mercy without respect to others.  Hallelujah.  Praise ye Jah.

Psalm 107:1-2.  The LORD is good.  We don’t say it enough, and if the redeemed don’t say so, no one else will.  In the words of J. Vernon McGee, “We need some ‘say-so’ Christians.”


5.  What do you think the speaker is feeling and how do you relate? (Done)

6.  How is this Psalm quoted in the New Testament?   

Psalm 18:2  ;  Hebrews 2:13

Psalm 18:49 ; Romans 15:9

7.  What other scriptures are brought to mind through the content, and how might that enlighten or expand the subject of the Psalm.  (Column notes, chain references, commentaries, etc.?).   (Done)