From Chuck Lane

Questions for The Book of Psalms

Calvary Christian Fellowship

Questions (w/ some answers) for Psalm 8.

1. Who is the Psalmist?

· Ascribed to David, the next seven Psalms run together in the same way that the previous seven did. Whereas Psalms 2 thru 8 spoke, through David’s own experience, of trusting in the LORD during our deepest, darkest hours, to be lifted up by our faith through hope in His love, even ascending to the foot of His heavenly throne, Psalms 9 thru 15 takes us in the other direction. Here we descend back into the world ( 1 John 2:15 ).

2. Who is/are the speaker(s)?

  • David is again making his address to God and mankind regarding his enemies (even paranoids . . .), the wickedness that motivates and the consequences of judgment (hate the sin . . .). In the Hebrew Bible, Psalm 9 AND 10 are joined as a single “acrostic” poem (we will deal with them separately), where alternating stanzas begin with a different letter of the Hebrew alphabet ( ; ). It is directed to the chief Musician upon Muth-labben. Muth-labben is translated “death for the son, the firstborn.” Some say that it is written in a time of reflection on the first son of Bathsheba. Other candidates are Goliath, the first born of Egypt, or Jesus.

3. Who is the audience?

  • David opens by recognizing, exalting and rejoicing in the LORD (v. 1-4); he turns his attention the heathen, even his own enemy (v. 5-6); then broadens his address to any who will listen and hear (v 7-12). After which he turns our attention back to our relationship with the LORD, and His dealings with the wicked. As the prophet, David gives us “. . . glimpses of the suffering of the Jewish remnant at the end time and also a glimpse of the ‘man of sin,’ also called ‘the lawless one,’ who is yet to appear upon the earth.” (McGee)

4. List those described in the Psalm? How are they described (adjectives used, actions given, consequences prescribed)? Examples from the Bible? Do you know people like this?

1 I will praise thee, O LORD, with my whole heart; I will shew forth all my marvelous works.

2 I will be glad and rejoice in thee: I will sing praise to thy name, O thou most High.

Psalm 9 opens by carrying over the glorification of Christ’s victory of Psalm 8 ( Psalm 8:5-6 ; Psalm 8:9 ). David, the singer, also foreshadows elsewhere the new songs that will be sung in Heaven for O LORD our Lord . . . ( ).


3 When mine enemies are turned back, they shall fall and perish at the presence.

4 For thou hast maintained my right and my cause; thou satest in the throne judging right.

Again, the millennial kingdom established upon His return as we explored in Psalm 8. “. . . it will be a type of benevolent autocracy, the Beatitudes the rule of law.”


5 Thou hast rebuked the heathen, thou hast destroyed the wicked thou hast put out their name for ever and ever.
For David and the Hebrew children of his time, if you were not of the nation Israel, you were a heathen. In other words, “Thou hast rebuked the heathen . . .” is the same as saying “Thou has rebuked the nations . . .”


6 O thou enemy, destruction are come to a perpetual end: and thou hast destroyed cities; their memorial is perished with them

The coming judgment. Where does the enemies memorial perish? Where is their perpetual end?
The problem of teaching Hell:

Sheol ( ) sorcery [1]

Hades: Elysium vs Tartarus ( ) Abraham’s bosom ( Luke 16:19-31 ),

heaven/paradise ( Luke 23:43 ; John 14:2-3 ),
Gehenna/Valley of the Son of Hinnom:

“. . . the death of the son, the first born”: or, was Egypt where anti-Semitism was born?


7 But the LORD shall endure for ever: he hath prepared his throne for judgment.

8 And he shall judge the world in righteousness, he shall minister judgment to the people in uprightness.

God made the rules Genesis 1:4 . God maintains the rules: Matthew 10:32

Hebrews 4:12: For the word of God is quick and powerful, and sharper than any two-edged sword, piercing even to the dividing asunder of soul and spirit, and of the joints and marrow, and is a discerning of the thoughts and intents of the heart.



9 The LORD also will be a refuge for the oppressed, a refuge in times of trouble

10 And they that know thy name will put their trust in thee; for thou, LORD, has not forsaken them that seek thee.

11 Sing praises to the LORD, which dwelleth in Zion: declare among the people his doings.

12 When, He maketh inquisition for blood, he remembereth them; he forgetteth not the cry of the humble.

If there is no God, there is no justice. He inquires and requires: Genesis 4:9-11 ;

Genesis 9:5-6 ; 1 Kings 21:17-19


13 Have mercy upon me, O LORD; consider my trouble which I suffer of them that hate me, thou that liftest me up from the gates of death.
David realizes his own quilt, that judgment requires him to suffer no less that the unbelieving (atheistic) wicked. He requires the mercy of LORD, and cries out to Him for his salvation. It is the same as the conviction of the Holy Spirit that the born again receive. And so, I cry out, and give thanks to my Savior, Christ Jesus, whom David did not know . . . or did he? “O LORD the Lord . . .”


14 That I may shew forth all thy praise in the gates of the daughter of Zion: I will rejoice in thy salvation.

There is only One worthy. You and I can never be. But if we believe, then we will rejoice that our praise, from new hearts in spirit and truth, will be received.


15 The heathen are sunk down in the pit that they made: in the net which they hid is their own foot taken.

Remember “the heathen” are “the nations.” What do you think? Are the nations of the world today stuck in a pit of their own making? (national debt?)


16 The LORD is known by the judgment which he executed: the wicked is snared in the work of his own hands; Higgaion. Selah.

17 The wicked shall be turned into hell, and all the nations that forget God.
Higgaion (meditate). Selah (stop, look, and listen).

Jesus teaches us how God judges:

Ø He that believeth on him is not condemned: but he that believeth not is condemned already, because he hath not believed in the name of the only begotten Son of God. [Jn. 13:8]

Jesus also teaches us how we are to judge:

Ø Judge not according to the appearance, but judge righteous judgment. [Jn. 7:24]


18 For the needy shall not always be forgotten: the expectation of the poor shall not perish for ever.
Jesus tells us: For ye have the poor always with you; but me ye have not always. [Mk. 14:7] To remember the poor is one thing. To forget the LORD our Lord is quite another. Even the poor in poverty are turning to politics and a certain political party that promises everything for free. How often do the politicians forget their “promises.” How often “the expectations of the poor shall perish for ever.” Jesus is not running for office, but He is the only one who will provide what we all truly need.


19 Arise, O LORD; let not man prevail: let the heathen be judged in thy sight

The nations will be judged. Jesus tell us: Matthew 25:31-46 . It is a passage the speaks to our ability to think critically, to discriminate, as well as the difference between works and faith; or the difference between doing what we think we should do and doing what He puts in our hearts to do as born again believers, naturally, without thought. we are. My greatest rewards come from doing things I am not aware of doing . . .

“When, Lord . . . ?”


20 Put them in fear, O LORD: that the nations may know themselves to be but men.
Jesus. Our standard of perfection. The only humble one to have ever walked earth in the flesh. He came, was sent, to experience mortality for our sakes. Our only comparison is through striving to be like Him (not to be Him, as some would be), otherwise we can only stand in contrast to what He is.

And if we put on the covering of Christ, in contrition as we fall short, our Father will look on us with gladness . . . and mercy. 1 John 1:3

For thou has made him a little lower than the angels, and hast crowned him with glory and honor.

[Psalm 8:5; Hebrews 2:7 . . . OT and New]


5. What do you think the speaker is feeling and how do you relate?

6. How is this Psalm quoted in the New Testament?

7. What other scriptures are brought to mind through the content, and how might that enlighten or expand the subject of the Psalm. (Column notes, chain references, commentaries, etc.?).

[1] In Job (11:8), perhaps the first written book, chronologically, in scripture (by, or about the ancient patriarch Job), we receive the contrast in position between heaven and Sheol, as well as the comparision of unknowability. Unger’s Bible Dictionary points out that “In the great majority of cases in the OT, Sheol is used to signify the grave,” and “is translated as ‘grave’ in the NIV.” We get another picture of the place of the dead in the earth in 1 Samuel, where the rest of the dead is disturbed by the living . . . 1 Samuel 28:3-25